Factors Influencing Police Corruption In Libya
by Omer M. Othman Domoro
Police corruption is a complex and worldwide phenomenon that has been ongoing for many years and its negative effects transcend all aspects of life in various communities. According to reports published by Transparency International, Libya was classified among countries that have high indexes in corruption.
Unfortunately, the Libyan police force [LPF] is one of the public sectors that are facing the same problem, as confirmed by the Minister of Interior, who stated that Libyan police force is suffering from the spread of corrupt practices which undermines its performance and effectiveness. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to empirically examine factors influencing police corruption in Libya. Organizational culture, organizational structure, ethics and leadership styles, besides gender, rank, salary, and experience (demographic variables) are chosen as contributory factors to police corruption. A quantitative approach using self-administered questionnaire was used as the methodology in this research to obtain valuable data. The research was conducted in three largest cities in Libya; Benghazi and Sabha, as well as the Capital city of Tripoli.
The sampling design in this study is probability sampling procedure. Specifically, stratified random sampling was used because of the differentiated information that is required regarding various strata within the population, which are known to differ in their parameters. Structural Equation Modelling [SEMs] using AMOS software was employed to investigate relationships among endogenous and exogenous variables in the study. This study found that organizational culture, ethics, organizational structure, leadership style, rank, and salary have significant relationships with police corruption.
In this construct, organizational culture, organizational structure, leadership styles and salary have significant negative relationship with police corruption while ethics and rank variables have significant positive relationship with police corruption in the [LPF]. Unlike the previous researches, this study has proven that gender and experience are not having any significant relationship with police corruption; hence, these demographic variables do not contribute to police corruption. Future research will be focused on conducting a qualitative research using face to face interview to investigate factors that influence police corruption in Libya.
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